The present day Basilicata, (Southern Italy)
which includes the provinces of Potenza and Matera, is also commonly referred to
as Lucania. The name Lucania derives from its prehistoric people, the
Lyki. The government has now reconfirmed Basilicata as the region's
official name.In early times Greek settlers brought to the region their
culture, art and philosophy.
The Lucanians, sought to rebel against
Rome but the Romans reacted with bloody repressions, and the region up until
then had known periods of considerable splendor, was depopulated and deserted.
Potenza was destroyed by Frederick II, and
was rebuilt by Bishop Oberto in 1250, to be destroyed again by Charles of Anjou.
Life here between the 14th and 17th centuries
was marked by continual struggles by the lower classes against the feudal barons
and the governing authorities for possessions of the land, the only asset sought
after in all ranks of society.
In the 18th and 19th centuries the ruling
classes remained deaf to the demands of the peasants. The lower classes of
Basilicata were reduced to such misery that many turned to banditry; nor did the
often bloody repression of the outlaws contribute in any way to the
solution of the region's problems. Only since World War II have land
reforms begun to break up the large holdings, and Basilicata remains Italy's
poorest and most backward region.
On December 21, 1857,
Potenza was greatly
damaged by an earthquake.
MARSICOVETERE is situated about 60 kilometers south of Potenza in Basilicata province.
On December 6, 1857 the town was severely damaged by an earthquake which killed about
a quarter of the population.
Marsicovetere is located in the mountains, many of its residents
left the area in the late 1800's and early 1900's.
Nearest large towns to Marsicovetere are Marsiconuovo and